F. Stuart Chapin III (Terry)
Born: Portland, OR 2/2/1944
Education: Swarthmore (BA 1966); Stanford (Ph. D. 1973)
Dissertation title: Morphological and physiological mechanisms of temperature compensation in phosphate absorption along a latitudinal gradient (Science 183:521-523; Ecology 55:1180-1198)
Adviser: Harold A. Mooney (C)
Teaching History: Alaska 1984-89; UC Berkeley 1989-98; Alaska 1998-present (emeritus 2011-)
Ph. D. Students: John Bryant (1984), Lawrence Walker (1985), Susan Cargill Bishop (1988), Knut Kielland (1990), Chris Fastie (1994), Margaret Torn (1994), Sarah Hobbie (1995), Bruce Hungate (1995), Heather Reynolds (1995), Paul Grogan (1998), Joe McFadden (1998), Joe Craine (2000), Valerie Eviner (2002), Jill Johnstone (2003), Cath Thompson (2004), Teresa Hollingsworth (2004), Nancy Fresco (2006), Katey Walter Anthony (2006), Colin Beier (2007), Martin Robards (2008), Todd Brinkman (2009), Meagan Krupa (2009), Lily Ray (2010), Shannon McNeeley (2009), Kyle Joly (2011), Sherri Wall (2003- ), Bill Overbaugh (2004- ), Hassab Ali (2006- ), La’ona DeWilde (2007- ), Becky Hewitt (2008- ), Robin Bronen (2008- ), Corrie Knapp (2010-),
Others influenced: Postdocs: Arnold Bloom, Sven Jonasson, Eric Vance, Silvia Strauss-Debenedetti, Francisco Pugnaire, Ayelet Schuster, Vince Eckhart, Josep Canadell, Maria Jose Leiva, Charles Jaeger, Zoe Cardon, Werner Eugster, Shuijin Hu, David Hooper, Carolyn Malmstrom, Stefan Maurer, Howard Epstein, Jim Randerson, Edward Mitchell, Syndonia Bret-Harte, Scott Chambers, Jason Beringer, Jose Gruenzweig, Roger Dargaville, Michelle Mack, Scott Rupp, Haitao Li, Monique Heijmans, Christian Wirth, Sarah Trainor, Jennifer Schmidt, Todd Brinkman. Grad students, MS: Barbara Lachenbruch (1982), Nancy Van Alstine (1983), Linda DeFoliart (1986), Lewis Sharman (1987), Tim Cater (1990), La-ona DeWilde (2003), Melissa Robinson (2005), Isla Meyer-Smith (2005), Emily Bernhardt (2008), Betsy Young (2005- ), Winslow Hansen (co-advisor) (2011- ),
ESA offices and honors: Member at Large 1992-4; Sustainability Science Award 2008; President 2010-11; Fellow 2012
ESA links: Sustainability Science Award
External links: Wikipedia
With the death of botanist and limnologist Ruth Patrick last fall (Sept 23, 2013) we wanted to share something about her illustrious career covering much of the last century! We were fortunate to have an excellent presentation on Dr. Patrick by HRC member Daniel Song at our session at the Minneapolis meeting, August 6, 2013. All photos courtesy Dan Song; taken in Dr. Patrick’s lab at the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia (ANSP).
In his review of Ruth Patrick in the intellectual community at the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia, Song explains:
Although Ruth Myrtle Patrick was born in an era where women were encouraged to be educated on how to sew and cook, Patrick found other interests that she vigorously pursued. Patrick was born in November 1907 in Topeka, Kansas, more than a decade before her mother could cast a vote. Patrick’s interest in learning developed at an early age; when she was 7, her father gave her a microscope and launched her on a pursuit that would last nearly a century. (“You can hire someone to wash dishes,” he reportedly told her.) She graduated from Coker College in South Carolina, graduating in 1929, and earned her PhD from the University of Virginia in 1934. Soon thereafter, Patrick joined the Academy of Natural Sciences and took charge in two endeavors, diatoms and stream pollution.
In terms of basic research, Patrick’s work on diatoms became a foundation for future work in the field and led to the creation of one of the largest diatom research collections. In her own trail blazing way, she was interested in studying these microorganisms but there were no collections at the time. She started by collecting diatom samples from the intestines of preserved tadpoles from around the world. Her collection at the Academy now contains more than 220,000 specimens and is the second largest in the world.
Patrick’s love of these microscopic organisms led to the work that may be most connected to her: water quality. Patrick would end up making numerous visits to South Carolina to study pollution in streams. She proposed the use of diatoms as indicator species for the health of streams and was soon conducting biological studies in the Conestoga Basin. Patrick’s work paved the way for studies to utilize measures of biodiversity to assess stream health, particularly to monitor and mitigate anthropogenic pollution such as agricultural runoff and industrial discharge.
Ruth Patrick’s career at the Academy of Natural Sciences began during the Great Depression, and she worked there as a curator without pay for several years before she was given a paid staff position. In 1948, she created a department of Limnology at the Academy. The Patrick Center for Environmental Research was named in her honor.
Patrick received many awards during her long career, including ESA’s Eminent Ecologist Award in 1972. Others include: 1970, National Academy of Sciences, 1970; the American Philosophical Society, 1974; Honorary Degree of Doctor of Science, University of South Carolina, 1989; South Carolina Hall of Science and Technology, 1996.
Sample Papers by Dr. Patrick:
- 1936. A taxonomic and distributional study of some diatoms from Siam and the Federated Malay States. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 88:367-470.
- 1948. Factors effecting the distribution of diatoms. The Botanical Review October 1948, Volume 14, Issue 8, pp 473-524
- 1949. A Proposed Biological Measure of Stream Conditions, Based on a Survey of the Conestoga Basin, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Vol. 101, pp. 277-341
- 1963. THE STRUCTURE OF DIATOM COMMUNITIES UNDER VARYING ECOLOGICAL CONDITIONS. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 108: 359–365. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1963.tb13389.x
- Benthic Stream Communities. American Scientist, Volume 58, Issue 5, p.546-549
- 1967. The Effect of Invasion Rate, Species Pool, and Size of Area on the Structure of the Diatom Community, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Oct 1967; 58(4): 1335–1342.
- 1984.The history of the science of diatoms in the United States of America. p. 11-20 In: Mann, D.G. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 7th International Diatom Symposium, Philadelphia, August 22-27, 1982. Koenigstein, Otto Koeltz Science Publishers.
Obituaries and References
Obituary, Washington Post
Obituary, New York Times
Ruth Patrick Science Education Center, at the University of South Carolina; her bio there.
OOS 11-5: Ruth Patrick in the intellectual community at the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia. Presented Tuesday, August 6, 2013, at the Ecological Society of America meeting, Minneapolis, by Daniel S. Song, Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
Mary Minerva Steagall was a student of H.C. Cowles and W.C. Allee at the University of Chicago, obtaining her PhD by 1908. She taught in the training school, taught mathematics and Latin, and she landed in the three-person Biology & Agriculture Department. By 1929, those three people were all women; she was joined by Hilda A. Stein and Martha H. Scott. The three offered 16 courses in zoology that year; Ms. Scott also aided the Botany Dept’s teaching load.
According to Dr. Steagall’s bio at SIU, on solo field trips “…she typically carried a loaded pistol, but admitted she only used it once (to let a rabble of moonshiners know she wasn’t easily scared away).”
Outside of zoology, Dr. Steagall is known for her interest in rare ferns, notably the filmy fern (Trichomanes boschianum) in Illinois. In 1923, she discovered the fern in Jackson Hollow, Pope County, a locality where it was next documented in 1961 by Robert Evers, by which time it was not just rare but seriously threatened.
Dr. Steagall was engaged in her community as well as academia, even running as Progressive Party Candidate for the office of State Superintendent of Public Instruction in 1914. She also served the Illinois Council of Administrative Women in Education, and of course, the ESA.
Dr. Mary Steagall had joined ESA by 1923 and continued as a member for many years. She was, along with Dr. Victor Shelford, the “state representative” for the organization, charged with developing regional contacts for the fledging society. According to Ben Gelman, “As a member of the National Committee on Conservation and Preservation of Natural Areas, Steagall helped the Ecological Society of America set aside many undisturbed areas valuable for scientific study.”
References (to be completed, but see links above)
Filmy Fern in Illinois, by Robert A. Evers
Article in The Southern Illinoisan, by Ben Gelman
William S. Cooper
Born: Detroit, MI 8/25/1884; died 10/8/1978
Education: Alma Coll. (B.S. 1906), Johns Hopkins (1906-07, no degree), Chicago (Ph.D. 1911)
Dissertation title: The climax forest of Isle Royale, Lake Superior, and its development (Bot. Gaz. 55:1-44, 115-140, 189-235)
Adviser: H. C. Cowles (CD)
Comments: Introduced to ecology by E. N. Transeau as an undergraduate. Also had early contact with Forrest Shreve.
Teaching history: Stanford 1914-15; Minnesota 1915-51
Ph. D. Students: R. Daubenmire, R. R. Humphrey, J. H. Langenheim, H. J. Oosting.
Others influenced: M. F. Buell, F. E. Egler, R. L. Lindeman.
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1927; President 1936, Eminent Ecologist 1963
Archived Papers: William Skinner Cooper Papers at Minnesota | Some correspondence in the Fuller Papers at UGA/ESA Archives
External links: Smith bios | Wikipedia
Arthur W. Cooper
Born: Washington, DC 8/15/1931
Education: Colgate (B.A. 1953, M.A. 1955); Michigan (Ph.D. 1958).
Dissertation title: Plant life-forms as indicators of microclimate (Ecol. Mon. 31:31-59)
Adviser: Stanley A. Cain (C)
Teaching history: N.C. State 1958-71, 1976-2001 (emeritus).
Ph. D. Students; others influenced:
ESA offices and honors: Vice President 1974-75; President 1980-81; Distinguished Service Citation 1984.
ESA links: Presidential bio | Distinguished Service Citation
Archived papers: Inventory of the Arthur W. Cooper Papers at Forest History Society | Some correspondence in Patten Papers at UGA/ESA archives
External links: Other sources
Frederic E. Clements
Born: Lincoln, NE 9/16/1874; died 7/26/1945
Education: Nebraska (B. Sc. 1894, M.A. 1396, Ph.D. 1898)
Dissertation title: The phytogeography of Nebraska (presented jointly with Roscoe Pound)
Adviser: Charles E. Bessey
Teaching history: Nebraska 1894-1907; Minnesota 1907-17.
Ph. D. Students: John E. Weaver, Homer L. Shantz
ESA offices and honors: None.
Archived papers: Inventory of the Edith S. and Frederic E. Clements Papers | Some correspondence in Vestal Papers at UGA/ESA Archives | Suggestions for ecological research at Point Lobos reserve (Berkeley carbon copy) | a correspondent in Adolph Waller Papers at OSU
External links: Smith bios | Wikipedia
Norman L. Christensen
Born: Fresno, CA 12/28/1946
Education: Cal State Fresno (AB 1968, MS 1970); UC Santa Barbara (Ph.D. 1973)
Dissertation title: Effects of fire on factors controlling plant growth in Adenostoma chaparral (Science 181:66-68; Ecol. Mon. 45 29-55.)
Adviser: Cornelius H. Muller (C)
Comments: Strongly influenced by Bert A. Tribbey (CA State Univ, Fresno).
Teaching History: Duke 1973-present
Ph. D. Students: Craig E. Martin, 1980; John C. Horn, 1980; Barbara A. Beaman, 1981; Anne E. Lubbers, 1982; Mark R. Roberts, 1983; Frank S. Gilliam, 1983; Ellen L. Simms, 1983; Rebecca B. Wilbur, 1984; James Raich, 1987; Michael Palmer, 1988; Richard E. Schneider, 1989; Suzanne McAlister, 1990; Douglas S. Powell, 1991; Patricia Peroni, 1992; Jane Molofsky, 1993; Stephen Rice, 1993; Eric Kjellmark, 1994; Ruth A. Kern, 1997; Deborah Lawrence, 1997 (co-advised with William Schlesinger); Sarah Goslee, 1998; Chi-ru Chang, 1997 (co-advised with Dean Urban); Phyllis C. Adams, 1999; Monique Rocca, 2004 (co-advised with Dean Urban); Benjamin Poulter, 2005; Alan Weakley, 2006; Miguel Schwarz, 2007; Charlotte Clark, 2007; Nicolette Cagle, 2008; Dalia Amor Ovando Conde, 2008; Sara Chun, 2008; Krithi Karanth, 2008; Jennifer M. Adeney, 2009; Claire O’Dea, 2010.
Others influenced: Michael S. Schafale, MS 1983
ESA offices and honors: Vice President for Finance 2002-2005, President 2007-8, Fellow 2012
External links: Faculty bio
John E. Cantlon
Born: Sparks, NV 10/6/1921
Education: Nevada (B.S. 1947), Rutgers (Ph.D. 1950).
Dissertation title: Vegetation and microclimates on north and south slopes of Cushetunk Mt., New Jersey (Ecol. Mon. 23:241-270)
Adviser: Murray F. Buell (C)
Comments: Worked with W. Dwight Billings as undergraduate.
Teaching history: George Washington Univ. 1950-53; Michigan State 1954-90 (administration after 1969).
Ph. D. Students: Patricia A. Werner
Others influenced: Frank B. Golley
ESA offices and honors: Secretary 1958-61; Vice President 1965; President 1968-69, Fellow 2012.
ESA links: Presidential bio
Archived papers: Mentioned in Deevey Papers at UGA/ESA Archives
Stanley A. Cain
Born: Jefferson Co. IN 6/19/1902; died 4/1/1995
Education: Butler Univ. (B.S. 1924); Chicago (M.S. 1927, Ph.D. 1930)
Dissertation title: An ecological study of the heath balds of the Great Smoky Mountains. (Butler Univ. Bot. Stud. 1:117-208)
Adviser: George D. Fuller (C)
Comments: Henry C. Cowles was adviser for M.S. and strongest influence at Chicago.
Teaching history: Butler Univ. 1925-31; Indiana 1931-33; Tennessee 1935-46; Michigan 1950-65, 1968-74; UC-Santa Cruz 1974-?
Ph. D. Students: Arthur W. Cooper
Others influenced: W. Dwight Billings, Rexford Daubenmire (undergraduate)
ESA offices and honors: Treasurer 1939-40, 1943; Vice-President 1953; Member at Large 1955-56; President 1958; Eminent Ecologist 1969.
ESA links:Presidential bio | Eminent Ecologist
Archived Papers:Stanley A. Cain papers at UC Santa Cruz
External links: Smith bios